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EXPLANATION OF LOCAL HOMENCIATUBE.                                 75

least, dispelled the local superstition. So again, at the Tillage of Paiganw, a
grove and lake called respectively Pai-ban and Pai-ban-knnd ate the scene of
an annual fair known as the Barasi Nag® ji meU. This is now regarded more
as the anniversary of the death of a certain Mahant; but in all probability it
dates from a much earlier period, and the village name would seem to be
derived from the large offerings of milk {paym) with which it is usual to pro-
pitiate the Eaga, or serpent-god.

Till the close of the 16th century, except in lie neighbourhood of the one
great thoroughfare, there was only here and there a scattered hamlet in the
midst of unreclaimed woodland. The Vaisfomva coitus lien first developed
into its present form under the influence of Bapa and San&tana, ihe celebrated

Bengali Gosains' of Brinda-ban ; and it is not improbable ihat they were the
authors of the Brahma Vaivarta Parana,* the recognized Sanskrit authority for
all the modern local leg-ends. It was their disciple, Ifarayan Bhatt, who first
established the Ban-jatra and Eas-lil4, and it was from Mm that every lake and
grove in the circuit of Braj received a distinctive name, ift addition to the some
seven or eight spots which alone are mentioned in the earlier Poranas. In the
course of time, small villages sprung up in the neighbourhood of the different shrines
bearing the same name with them, though perhaps in a slightly modified form.
Thus the Madira-ban, or € acacia grove,* gives its name to the village of Khaira;
and the anjan p&fthar, on whose green bank Krishna pencilled his lady's eye-
brows with anjan, gives its name to the village of Ajnokh? occasionally written
at greater length AjnokharL Similarly, when Krishna's home was fixed at
Nand-ganw and BadM's at Barsana, a grove half-way between the two h;lls
was fancifully selected as the spot where the youthful COHJL!^ used to meet to
enjoy the delights of love. There a temple was built with the title of Badha-
Baman, and the village that grew up tinder its walls was called Sanket, that is,

* The Brahma VairaKa Parana is, as all critics admit, am essentially modem composition,
&ai Professor Wilson has Btated feis belief ihat it emanated from the sect of the Yallabhaciians,
0? Oas£ins of Goknl. Their great ancestor sett!e4 there abo&t the yeat 1489 A. D. The popular
Hindi authority for K&dha*s Life and Loves ie the Btaj Bilas of Braj-vasi Daa. The ptecise date
of the|K>emj mmbat 1800, correspoadiag to 17*3 A. IX, is giTen in the following Hue—
^m ^1?!   ^if^I
Aoothw work of Mgh repute is the Sur Sagar of Siir Baa Jl (oae of the disciplei of the
great religions teacher Eimioand) as edited and expanded by Krieluianaii'I Yyasa.